High cholesterol can lead to various other health conditions depending on the blood vessels that become narrow or blocked due to plague that is build up from high levels of cholesterol in the blood.
The main diseases that have been linked to high cholesterol include high blood pressure, diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, stroke, and coronary heart disease.High Blood Pressure also known as hypertension is a condition in which the arteries become narrowed due to plague from cholesterol, which creates a condition known as atherosclerosis. The heart has a harder time pumping blood through the blood vessels, which produces high blood pressure.
High bad cholesterol (LDL) works almost along side diabetes. Cholesterol cannot travel through the blood stream alone; it hitches a ride with certain proteins and becomes known as lipoprotein. Glucose also likes to hitch a ride and lipoproteins are its favorite ride. Once LDL is covered in glucose, it can stay in the bloodstream for a longer time and can give more time for plague to form on the walls of the blood vessels. Diabetes leads to heart disease and artery disease.
Peripheral Vascular Disease is a disease of the blood vessels that are found outside the heart and brain. Fatty deposits and plague build up along the artery walls, which leads to poor circulation. In most cases, this disease is more prominent in the legs and feet.
A stroke is when the blood supply to the brain is reduced. A stroke occurs when the blood vessels that carry oxygen and other nutrients to the brain becomes totally blocked or explodes. High levels of cholesterol build up plague on the blood vessels leading to the brain, which narrows or completely blocks the blood flow. Once the blood flow is reduced and the brain is not receiving enough oxygen and nutrients it begins to die. As the brain begins to die due to this factor, a stroke is apparent.
Most experts explain the major risk involved with high cholesterol levels is coronary heart disease. The higher your cholesterol levels the higher chances you have of being a candidate for coronary heart disease. When cholesterol is too high, it builds up plague on the artery walls. Once the plague begins, it builds until a person has atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries. Atherosclerosis then begins to narrow the arteries, which makes less blood flow to the heart. As the blood flow decreases, it can cause chest pain known as angina or if the arteries become completely blocked can lead to a heart attack.